Professor Barlow studies the evolution of bacteria and the prediction of evolving antiobiotic resistance. She tests evolutionary theory, and runs Project Protect, a public forum where people can find out more about antibiotic resistance. Project Protect's chief goal is to provide community members with information so that they can obtain the most effective treatments when they need antibiotics. She and her lab members are creating a guide to antibiotics and resistance, and have translatorswho work in Spanish, Hmong and Punjabi who can help community members get information. Her lab also researches evolutionary biology because that arena is critical to unlocking solutions for fighting resistant superbugs.